Hellisheidi geothermal power plant was commissioned in 2006. Since 2007 Reykjavík Energy (OR) has been developing new solutions in reducing gas emissions at Hellisheidi through the CarbFix project. Capture of CO2 and H2S is carried out via a scrubbing unit that only uses water and electricity. Captured gases are dissolved in water and injected back into the geothermal reservoir where they mineralize as monitoring has demonstrated. Pilot scale capture and injection commenced in 2011 and was scaled up in 2014. Currently, about 15,000 tonnes of CO2 and 8,000 tonnes of H2S are captured and injected annually into the basaltic rock at Hellisheidi.
Nesjavellir power plant was commissioned in 1990. Like Hellisheidi, it is a co-generative, flash-unit power plant producing electricity and hot water from a high temperature basaltic reservoir. Capture and injection is not taking place at Nesjavellir yet.